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October 28, 2015 DIY Home 5 Comments

Vertical Farm Systems In Your House

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If you really want to go green, have a healthier life, and saving the environment in the same time, then you should read this article. DIY home, except utilizing the space and use chemical free furnishing, plant some flowers inside the house as decoration, farming in the house can also be done. Of course, the farming will not as the conventional one, as we are talking about vertical farming. Not only it didn’t take up a lot of space, but harvested vegetable could be very healthy to your health.

What is Vertical Farming?

Vertical farming as a component of urban agriculture is the practice of cultivating plant life within a skyscraper greenhouse or on vertically inclined surfaces. A common version of vertical farming uses techniques similar to glass houses, where natural sunlight can be augmented with artificial lighting and metal reflectors.

Why We Need Vertical Farming?

By the year 2050, nearly 80% of the earth’s population will reside in urban centers. Applying the most conservative estimates to current demographic trends, the human population will increase by about 3 billion people during the interim. An estimated 109 hectares of new land (about 20% more land than is represented by the country of Brazil) will be needed to grow enough food to feed them, if traditional farming practices continue as they are practiced today. At present, throughout the world, over 80% of the land that is suitable for raising crops is in use. Historically, some 15% of that has been laid waste by poor management practices. What can be done to avoid this impending disaster? The answer is vertical farming.

Advantages of Vertical Farming

1) RELIABLE HARVESTS
Vertical Farm Systems growing cycles are consistent and reliable, allowing commercial growers to confidently commit to delivery schedules and supply contracts. In a well-managed Vertical Farm System there are no such thing as ‘seasonal crops’ and there are no crop losses.

Vertical Farm Systems are fully enclosed and climate controlled, completely removing external environment factors such as disease, pest or predator attacks. It also means our farms are not dependent on fertile arable land and can be established in any climatic region globally irrespective of seasonal daylight hours and extremes in temperature.

2) MINIMUM OVERHEADS
Production overheads in Vertical Farm Systems installations are commercially competitive and predictable. In some cases profitability of over 30% has been demonstrated even after deducting full amortisation of capital equipment over a 10 year period.

LOW ENERGY USAGE – The use of high efficiency LED lighting technology ensures minimum power usage for maximum plant growth. Computer management of photosynthetic wavelengths in harmony with phase of crop growth further minimizes energy use while ensuring optimized crop yields. Greatly reduced energy usage for climate control is the direct result of not requiring sunlight inside the growing area which enables the use of high thermal efficiency buildings rather than poly greenhouses, and the vertical design of our systems means that for the same growing area the total air volume of a Vertical Farm Systems building is around 88% less than the air volume of single level growing systems.

The potential for use of green energy and the elimination of fossil fuel powered tractors, irrigation pumps and other horticultural equipment, Vertical Farm Systems can be structured as carbon emissions competitive.

LOW LABOUR COSTS – Vertical Farm Systems are fully automated growing systems with automatic SMS text messaging for any faults. Manual labour is only required on-site for planting, harvesting and packaging of crops – and the required skill levels are very low.

LOW WATER USAGE – Being a totally closed growing system with controlled transpiration losses, Vertical Farm Systems use only around 10% of the water required for traditional open field farming and around 20% less than conventional hydroponics. Water from transpiration is harvested and re-used and spent nutrient water is also processed for re-use.

REDUCED WASHING & PROCESSING – Vertical Farm Systems growing environments are fitted with strong bio-security procedures to eliminate pest and disease attacks. Total elimination of the need for foliar sprays, pesticides and herbicides in cropping systems results in produce that does not require holding times or expensive and product damaging washing or post-harvest processing.

REDUCED TRANSPORT COSTS – Vertical Farm Systems can be established in any geographic location with suitable power and water supplies. Strategic positioning of facilities close to the point of sale or in distribution hubs dramatically decreases the time from harvest to consumer and also reduces costs for refrigerated storage and transport.
3) MAXIMUM CROP YIELD
Irrespective of external conditions, Vertical Farm Systems can reliably provide more crop rotations per year than open field agriculture and other farming practices.Crop cycles are also faster due to the systems’ controlled temperature, humidity, daylight hours optimization and the use of biologically active organic plant nutrients. The systems can produce market grade product of several crops within just 21 days.

 

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